Uji Identifikasi Farmakognostik Tumbuhan Kemiri Sunan (Aleurites trisperma) di Kebun Percobaan Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Pharmacognostic Identification of Kemiri Sunan (Aleurites trisperma) from Experimental Garden of Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Keywords: Kemiri Sunan, Ethanol 96%, Preliminary Test, Secondary Metabolite

Abstract

Natural ingredients have been known and used all over the world for thousands of years ago. In Indonesia, the natural ingredients, better known as herbal or traditional medicine, has been widespread since the time of the ancestors until now and continues to be preserved as a cultural heritage. The wealth of natural resources that we have is an asset of future development, the problem is how we can exploit that potential wisely and wisely. Siri herbs (Aleurites trisperma) is one of the plants in Indonesia. Pecan sunan (Aleurites trisperma) is the name of the plant given to the plant species of pecan poison. In middle Kalimantan this plant has started cultivated in the field of agriculture as bioindustry and pesticide, there has been no research of the plant is used as a treatment. This study aims to obtain scientific data about the pharmacognostic picture of the hazelnut plants and to enrich the inventory of Indonesian medicinal plants, knowing the simplicia chemicals group of candlenut crops. The method used is experimental research with laboratory approach. The research was conducted with several stages of macroscopic, microscopic and leafy leaves extract obtained by maceration method and fatty test using soxhletation using 96% ethanol solvent. The results of the study on green leaf organoleptic, soft odor (no sting), tasting (preliminary), preliminary test of water content 13.09%, ash 0.9%, fat content 7.46%, crude fiber content 32.82% and phytochemical screening results showed the chemical content of positive sugars leaves contains tannins, alkaloids, saponins, steroids, and terpenoids.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Rabiatul Adawiyah, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

References

Anonim. 1978. Materia Medika Indonesia. Depkes RI. Jakarta
Anonim. 1987. Analisis Obat Tradisional. Depkes RI. Jakarta
Anonim. 2004. Ekstrak Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol. 1. Badan pengawasan Obat dan Makanan RI. Jakarta
AOAC, H.C. 1989. Official Methods Of Analysis of The Association of Official of Analytical Chemist. Washington.
Anonim. 2005. Peraturan Perundang-undangan dibidang Obat Tradisional, Obat Herbal Terstandar dan Fitokimia pp 121. Badan POM. Jakarta
Gunawan, D., & Sri, M. 2004. Ilmu Obat Alam (Farmakognosi). Penerbit Swadana. Jakarta.
Hamid, A., 1991. Tanaman Kemiri. Edisi Khusus Littro Vol. VII (2)
Harborne, J.B. 1987. Metode Fitokimia (Terjemahan Kosasi Patmawinata dan Iwan Soediro). Terbitan Ke-2. ITB. Bandung
Heyne, K. 1987. Tumbuhan Berguna Indonesia Jilid II. Badan Litbang Kehutanan. Jakarta.
Herman, M., Syakir, M., Pranomo, D., Saefudin, & Sumanto. 2013. Kemiri sunan (Reutealis trisperma (Blanco) Airy Shaw) Tanaman Penghasil Minyak Nabati Dan Konservasi Lahan. IAARD Press. Jakarta.
Sidik. 1998. Perkembangan pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia. Makalah seminar pengobatan tradisional, FK Unpad. Bandung.
Published
2017-12-11
How to Cite
Adawiyah, R. (2017). Uji Identifikasi Farmakognostik Tumbuhan Kemiri Sunan (Aleurites trisperma) di Kebun Percobaan Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya. Anterior Jurnal, 17(1), 60-68. https://doi.org/10.33084/anterior.v17i1.29