Hubungan Jumlah Eritrosit dan Hitung Jenis Leukosit pada Masyarakat dengan Paparan Polutan Tinggi di Desa Tambak Mulyo Kota Semarang

The Correlation Between Erythrocytes Count and Differential Leucocyte Count on the Community with Exposure to High Pollutants in Tambak Mulyo Village, Semarang City

Keywords: Pollutants, Erythrocyte Count, Differential Leucocyte Count

Abstract

Lead (Pb) and carbon monoxide (CO) are gas components in airborne pollutants due to vehicle fumes or industrial exhaust gases that affect the blood, namely shortening the life span of erythrocytes produced in erythropoiesis. In addition, small pollutants can be inhaled and enter the alveoli and then phagocytosis and trigger the release of mediators, namely leukocyte cells, which can cause inflammation. This study aims to determine the correlation between the erythrocytes count and differential leucocyte count of the Tambak Mulyo village community, Semarang City. This research was a cross-sectional analytic study of primary data using 20 blood samples, carried out by the erythrocytes count and differential leucocyte count tests. The examination results showed that the average erythrocytes count in all samples was 5.25 million cells/mm3 with a percentage of the normal erythrocytes count is 45.00%, and a high of erythrocytes count is 55.0%. On the test of the differential leucocyte count, 4 samples are obtained with specific values. Normal leukocytes and as many as 16 samples experienced an increase and decrease in the differential leucocyte count. The chi-square test shows Asymp.Sig> 0.05, which means there is no correlation between variables, so it can be concluded that there is no significant correlation between the erythrocytes count and differential leucocyte count (lymphocytes, basophils, eosinophils, neutrophils, and monocytes) in the community with exposure to high pollutants in Tambak Mulyo village, Semarang City.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ardina, R. (2018). Respon Inflamasi Pada Perokok Pasif Di Kecamatan Pahandut Kota Palangka Raya Ditinjau Dari Jumlah Leukosit Dan Jenis Leukosit. 1(2), 31–41
Fa’iza, Q. S., Setiani, O., & Joko, T. (2016).”Perbedaan Kadar Hemoglobin (Hb) Dalam Darah Sebelum Dan Sesudah Konsumsi Air Kelapa Hijau (Green Coconut Water) Pada Pekerja Yang Terpapar Timbal (Pb) Di Karoseri X Semarang”.Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal), 4(3), 86 kjkoij– 870.
Fiko, N. M., Yanti, A. H., & Rousdy, D. W. (2017). Profil Hematologi Pekerja Operator PT . PLN Sektor Kapuas PLTD Sungai Raya Pontianak. 5, 8–17
Gheybi, Muhammad Kazzem., et al., (2014) Dusty Air Pollution is Associated with an Increased Risk of Allergic Diseases in Southwestern Part of Iran. Iranian Journal Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. Diakses pada 04 Juni 2017, dari http://ijaai.tums.ac.ir/index.php/ijaai/article/ ownload/428/410.
Gunawan, L., Setiani, O., & Suhartono, S. (2013). Hubungan Kadar Timah Hitam dalam Darah dengan Jumlah Lekosit, Trombosit, dan Aktifitas Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) pada Pekerja Timah Hitam di Kabupaten Tegal.Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia,12(2), 106-110.
Guyton, AC. Dan J.E. Hall. 2008. Buku Ajar Fisiologi Kedokteran. Edisi 11.Jakarta. Penerbit EGC.
Hartini,Eko. 2011. “Hubungan Kadar Plumbum (PB) Dalam Darah Dengan Profil Darah Pada Wanita Usia Subur Di Brebes Tahun 2010”.Fakultas Kesehatan.Universitas Dian Nuswantoro Semarang.
Izzah, F.R. (2017). Perbedaan Pengenceran Menggunakan Pipet Thoma Dan Mikropipet Terhadap Hitung Jumlah Eritrosit (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang).
Kamal, Nahlah Mustafa. 2015. “Studi Tingkat Kualitas Udara Pada Kawasan Mall Panakukang Di Makasar”. Program Studi Teknik Lingkungan:Universitas Hasanuddin.
Kumar V,Cotran RS, Robbins,SL. 2013.Buku Ajar Patologi. (9th Ed). Jakarta. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.
Lily Gunawan, Onny Setiani, S. (2013). Hubungan Kadar Timah Hitam dalam Darah dengan Jumlah Lekosit, Trombosit, dan Aktifitas Superoxide Dismutase ( SOD ) pada Pekerja Timah Hitam di Kabupaten Tegal The Association beetwen Blood Lead Level with the amount of lekosit , trombosit , and superox. 12(2).
Nahar, Kaofan.2018. ”Pengaruh Kadar Timbal Dalam Darah Terhadap Jumlah Eritrosit Pada Pekerja Pengecatan Mobil Di Sepanjang Jalan Fatmawati Kota Semarang”.Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang.
Ramadhianita, Annisa. 2017. “Pengaruh Pemberian Vitamin E Terhadap Jumlah Eritrosit Mencit Yang Dipapar Asap Rokok”. Fakultas Kedokteran ; Universitas Andalas.
Restiani, Redina. Andarani, Pertiwi., & Huboyo,Haryono S. 2018. “Inventarisasi Emisi Gas Konvensional (NO,SO,CO,HC,PM) Dan Gas Rumah Kaca (CO2) Dari Industri Titik Dan Area Dengan Peta Sebaran Emisi Di Kota Semarang”. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan.
Sugandi, F. F. (2018). Karya tulis ilmiah perbedaan hitung jenis leukosit antara pekerja terpajan polutan dengan pekerja tidak terpajan polutan
Tugaswati, A. T. (2012). Emisi gas buang kendaraan bermotor dan dampaknya terhadap kesehatan. Jurnal. Jakarta.
Xiaohua, Hu., et al., (2013) Inflammatory Response to Fine Particulate Air Pollution Exposure: Neutrophil versus Monocyte.
Sherwood, Lauralee. (2014). Fisiologi Manusia. (6thed.). Jakarta: EGC.
Published
2021-04-30
How to Cite
Sofyanita, E. N., Bangkit, H. A., & Afriansya, R. (2021). Hubungan Jumlah Eritrosit dan Hitung Jenis Leukosit pada Masyarakat dengan Paparan Polutan Tinggi di Desa Tambak Mulyo Kota Semarang. Borneo Journal of Medical Laboratory Technology, 3(2), 217-222. https://doi.org/10.33084/bjmlt.v3i2.2230