Novel Coronavirus: A Newly Arranged Mini-Review
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which was originally known as a virus that infects animals and rarely can be transmitted to humans in large populations, is now transformed into one of the most feared pandemics causes worldwide. Infection by a virus that is officially known as COVID-19 has caused global concern mainly due to the number of deaths caused. Since it was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019, now COVID-19 has spread to almost all parts of the world with a very rapid spread rate. The main symptom of this infection is a respiratory disease accompanied by other symptoms that resemble flu-like illness. Everyone can suffer from COVID-19, but the elderly, toddlers, pregnant women, and people with certain diseases and disorders of the immune system show more severe symptoms. The disease is transmitted through inhalation or contact with droplets, where the incubation period ranges from 2 to 14 days. Until now, specific therapy to treat COVID-19 has not been found, with preventive measures taken to control its spread. In this mini-review, we will explain important information related to COVID-19.
Amawi, H., Deiab, GA., Aljabali, A.A.A., Dua, K., & Tambuwala, M.M. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic: an overview of epidemiology, parthenogenesis, diagnostics and potential vaccines and therapeutics. Therapeutic Delivery, [Epub ahead of print]. doi:10.4155/tde-2020-0035
Atkinson, J., Chartier, Y., & Pessoa-Silva, C.L. (2009). Natural Ventilation for Infection Control in Health-Care Settings. Geneva, Swiss: World Health Organization.
Cascella, M., Rajnik, M., Cuomo, A., Dulebohn, S.C., & Di Napoli, R. (2020). Features, Evaluation and Treatment Coronavirus (COVID-19). In: StatPearls. Treasure Island, Florida: StatPearls Publishing.
Chen, B., Tian, E.K., He, B., Tian, L., Han, R., Wang, S., Xiang, Q., Zhang, S., El Arnaout, T., & Cheng, W. (2020). Overview of lethal human coronaviruses. Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy, 5, 89. doi:10.1038/s41392-020-0190-2
Ghinai, I., McPherson, T.D., Hunter, J.C., Kirking, H.L., Christiansen, D., Joshi, K., Rubin, R., Morales-Estrada, S., Black, S.R., Pacilli, M., Fricchione, M.J., Chugh, R.K., Walblay, K.A., Ahmed, N.S., Stoecker, W.C., Hasan, N.F., Burdsall, D.P., Reese, H.E., Wallace, M., Wang, C., Moeller, D., Korpics, J., Novosad, S.A., Benowitz, I., Jacobs, M.W., Dasari, V.S., Patel, M.T., Kauerauf, J., Charles, E.M., Ezike, N.O., Chu, V., Midgley, C.M., Rolfes, M.A., Gerber, S.I., Lu, X., Lindstrom, S., Verani, J.R., & Layden, J.E. (2020). First known person-to-person transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the USA. The Lancet, 395(10230), 1137-1144. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30607-3
Huang. C., Wang, Y., Li, X., Ren, L., Zhao, J., Hu, Y., Zhang, L., Fan, G., Xu, J., Gu, X., Cheng, Z., Yu, T., Xia, J., Wei, Y., Wu, W., Xie, X., Yin, W., Li, H., Liu, M., Xiao, Y., Gao, H., Guo, L., Xie, J., Wang, G., & Cao, B. (2020). Clinical Features of Patients Infected With 2019 Novel Coronavirus in Wuhan, China. The Lancet, 395(10223), 497-506. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(20)30183-5
Iyengar, K., Bahl, S., Vaishya, R., & Vaish, A. (2020). Challenges and solutions in meeting up the urgent requirement of ventilators for COVID-19 patients. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome, 14(4), 499-501. doi:10.1016/j.dsx.2020.04.048
Jayaweera, M., Perera, H., Gunawardanam, B., & Manatunge, J. (2020). Transmission of COVID-19 virus by droplets and aerosols: A critical review on the unresolved dichotomy. Environmental Research, 188, 109819. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2020.109819
Liu, D.X., Liang, J.Q., & Fung, T.S. (2020). Human Coronavirus-229E, -OC43, -NL63, and -HKU1 Ding X. Liu, Jia. Reference Module in Life Sciences, B978-0-12-809633-8.21501-X. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-809633-8.21501-X
Mackenzie, J.S. & Smith, D.W. (2020). COVID-19: a novel zoonotic disease caused by a coronavirus from China: what we know and what we don’t. Microbiology Australia, [Epub ahead of print], MA20013. doi:10.1071/MA20013
Möhlenkamp, S. & Thiele, H. (2020). Ventilation of COVID-19 patients in intensive care units. Herz, [Epub ahead of print], 1-3. doi:10.1007/s00059-020-04923-1
Nicola, M., O’Neill, N., Sohrabi, C., Khan, M., Agha, M., & Agha, R. (2020). Evidence based management guideline for the COVID-19 pandemic - Review article. International Journal of Surgery, 77, 206-216. doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.04.001
Pal, M., Berhanu, G., Desalegn, C., Kandi, V. (2020). Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2): An Update. Cureus, 12(3), e7423. doi:10.7759/cureus.7423
Perencevich, E.N., Diekema, D.J., & Edmond, M.B. (2020). Moving Personal Protective Equipment into the Community: Face Shields and Containment of COVID-19. JAMA, 323(22), 2252–2253. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.7477
Raoult, D., Zumla, A., Locatelli, F., Ippolito, G., & Kroemer, G. (2020). Coronavirus infections: Epidemiological, clinical and immunological features and hypotheses. Cell Stress, [Epub ahead of print]. doi:10.15698/cst2020.04.216
Savi, C.D., Hughes, D.L., & Kvaerno, L. (2020). Quest for a COVID-19 Cure by Repurposing Small-Molecule Drugs: Mechanism of Action, Clinical Development, Synthesis at Scale, and Outlook for Supply. Organic Process Research and Development, [Epub ahead of print]. doi:10.1021/acs.oprd.0c00233
Singhal, T. (2020). A Review of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 87(4), 281-286. doi:10.1007/s12098-020-03263-6
Tan, W., Zhao, X., Ma, X., Wang, W., Niu, P., Xu, W., Gao, G.F., & Wu, G. (2020). A Novel Coronavirus Genome Identified in a Cluster of Pneumonia Cases — Wuhan, China 2019−2020. China CDC Weekly, 2(4), 61-62. doi:10.46234/ccdcw2020.017
Wang, L., Wang, Y., Ye, D., & Liu, Q. (2020). Review of the 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) based on current evidence. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, [Epub ahead of print], 105948. doi:10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2020.105948
Weiss, S.R. & Navas-Martin, S. (2005). Coronavirus Pathogenesis and the Emerging Pathogen Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, 69(4), 635-664. doi:10.1128/MMBR.69.4.635-664.2005
Wilson, N.M., Norton, A., Young, F.P., & Collins, D.W. (2020). Airborne transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus‐2 to healthcare workers: a narrative review. Anaesthesia, [Epub ahead of print]. doi:10.1111/anae.15093
Woo, P.C.Y., Huang, Y., Lau, S.K.P., & Yuen, K.Y. (2010). Coronavirus Genomics and Bioinformatics Analysis. Viruses, 2(8), 1804-1820. doi:10.3390/v2081803
World Health Organization. (2020a). Q&A on coronaviruses (COVID-19): What are the symptoms of COVID-19? https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/question-and-answers-hub/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses#:~:text=symptoms
World Health Organization. (2020b). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public
Wu, R., Wang, L., Kuo, H.C.D., Shannar, A., Peter, R., Chou, P.J., Li, S., Hudlikar, R., Liu, X., Liu, Z., Poiani, G.J., Amorosa, L., Brunetti, L., & Kong, A.N. (2020). An Update on Current Therapeutic Drugs Treating COVID-19. Current Pharmacology Reports, [Epub ahead of print], 1-15. doi:10.1007/s40495-020-00216-7
Yi, Y., Lagniton, P.N.P., Ye, S., Li, E., & Xu, R.H. (2020). COVID-19: what has been learned and to be learned about the novel coronavirus disease. International Journal of Biological Sciences, 16(10), 1753-1766. doi:10.7150/ijbs.45134
Yin, Y. & Wunderink, R.G. (2018). MERS, SARS and Other Coronaviruses as Causes of Pneumonia. Respirology, 23(2), 130-137. doi:10.1111/resp.13196
Copyright (c) 2020 Siwani Devi, Kishan Tripathi, Mohammad Mukim, Vidhi Jain, Nesar Ahmad, Noorul Hasan, Prashant Kumar Singh, Mohammad Khalid
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors continue to retain the copyright to the article if the article is published in the Borneo Journal of Pharmacy. They will also retain the publishing rights to the article without any restrictions.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Any article on the copyright is retained by the author(s).
- The author grants the journal, right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share work with an acknowledgement of the work authors and initial publications in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into a separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of published articles of work (eg, post-institutional repository) or publish it in a book, with acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their websites) prior to and during the submission process, as can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
- The article and any associated published material is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License