Phytochemical Screening of Sunflower Leaf (Helianthus annuus) and Anting-Anting (Acalypha indica Linn) Plant Ethanol Extract
Many local plants in Indonesia were used as traditional medicines, such as sunflower (Helianthus annuus) and anting-anting (Acalypha indica Linn) plants. Both of them can be used as an antimalarial, antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, and antihyperlipidemic. This study aims to provide an overview of the secondary metabolites groups contained in sunflower leaf and anting-anting plants for the testing of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, steroids/triterpenoids, and sesquiterpenoids. This study included the extraction of sunflower leaves and anting-anting plants separately using the maceration method for 24 hours with 80% ethanol solvent. The stirring was aided by a shaker for three hours. Each extract was tested by phytochemicals with reagents. The results of phytochemical tests with reagents showed that 80% ethanol extract of sunflower leaves contained an alkaloid, tannin, steroid, and sesquiterpenoid compounds whereas anting-anting plants contained an alkaloid, flavonoid, and triterpenoid compounds.
Altemimi, A., Lakhssassi, N., Baharlouei, A., Watson, D.G., Lightfoot, D.A. 2017. Phytochemicals: Extraction, Isolation, and Identification of Bioactive Compounds from Plant Extracts. Plants. 6(4):42.
Arisandi, Y., Andriani, Y. 2008. Khasiat Tanaman Obat. Jakarta: Pustaka Buku Murah.
Cahyaningrum, P.L., Artini, N.P.R. 2018. Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Serbuk Instan Kombinasi Temu Mangga (Curcuma mangga Val.) dan Daun Anting-Anting (Acalypha indica L.). Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu. 2(1):1-6.
Dai, J., Mumper, R.J. 2010. Plant Phenolics: Extraction, Analysis and Their Antioxidant and Anticancer Properties. Molecules. 15(10):7313-7352.
Dalimartha, S. 2009. Atlas Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia. (6th Ed). Jakarta: Pustaka Bunda.
Devi, S. 2017. Uji Daya Hambat Infusa Tanaman Akar Kucing (Acalypha indica L.) terhadap Jamur Candida albicans. JAFP (Jurnal Akademi Farmasi Prayoga). 2(1):13-18.
Harborne, A. 1998. Phytochemical methods a guide to modern techniques of plant analysis. Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media.
Kite, G.C., Veitch, N.C. 2009. Assigning glucose or galactose as the primary glycosidic sugar in 3-O-mono-, di- and triglycosides of kaempferol using negative ion electrospray and serial mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 23(19):3125-3132.
Kumar, S., Pandey, A.K. 2013. Chemistry and Biological Activities of Flavonoids: An Overview. The Scientific World Journal. 162750.
Masoko, P. 2017. Phytochemical Analysis, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Properties of Spilanthes mauritiana Used Traditionally in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine. 22(4):936-943.
Masuara, D. 2016. Uji Efektivitas Ekstrak Bunga Matahari (Helianthus annuus L) sebagai Obat Analgetik secara In Vitro pada Mencit Putih Jantan (Mus muculus). Pharmacon. 5(1):192-196.
Ngibad, K. 2019. Efektivitas Kombinasi Ekstrak Etanol Daun Bunga Matahari (Helianthus annuus) dan Tanaman Anting-Anting (Acalypha indica Linn) sebagai Antimalaria Secara In Vivo. Jurnal Farmasi Galenika (Galenika Journal of Pharmacy). 5(1):12-19.
Perron, N.R., Brumaghim, J.L. 2009. A review of the antioxidant mechanisms of polyphenol compounds related to iron binding. Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics. 53(2):75-100.
Sheel, R., Nisha, K., Kumar, J. 2014. Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of Methanolic Extract of Clerodendron infortunatum. IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry. 7(1):10-13.
Simaremare, E.S. 2014. Skrining fitokimia ekstrak etanol daun gatal (Laportea decumana (Roxb.) Wedd). PHARMACY: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia (Pharmaceutical Journal of Indonesia). 11(1):98-107.
Singh, K.L., Bag, G.C. 2013. Phytochemical Analysis and Determination of Total Phenolics Content in Water Extracts of Three Species of Hedychium. International Journal of PharmTech Research. 5(4):1516-1521.
Sirait, M. 2007. Penuntun fitokimia dalam farmasi. Bandung: Institut Teknologi Bandung Press.
Tu, X., Ma, S., Gao, Z., Wang, J., Huang, S., Chen, W. 2017. One-Step Extraction and Hydrolysis of Flavonoid Glycosides in Rape Bee Pollen Based on Soxhlet-Assisted Matrix Solid Phase Dispersion. Phytochemical Analysis. 28(6):505-511.
Yadav, N., Yadav, R., Goyal, A. 2014. Chemistry of Terpenoids. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research. 27(2):272-278.
Copyright (c) 2019 Khoirul Ngibad
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Any article on the copyright is retained by the author(s).
- Author grant the journal, right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share work with acknowledgment of the work authors and initial publications in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into a separate, additional contractual arrangements for non-exclusive distribution of published articles of work (eg, post-institutional repository) or publish it in a book, with acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their websites) prior to and during the submission process, as can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
- The article and any associated published material is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License