Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Borneo Journal of Pharmacy (Borneo J Pharm) ISSN: 2621-4814 (online) is an International Scientific Journal published by the Institute for Research and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya, Indonesia. It is a peer-reviewed open-access journal in the field of Pharmacology-Toxicology, Pharmacognosy-Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutical, Analytical Pharmacy-Medicinal Chemistry, Microbiology Pharmacy, Natural Product Development, Clinical-Community Pharmacy, Management Pharmacy, and other Pharmacy aspects. As a distinctive feature, the Borneo J Pharm prioritizes research articles conducted on the island of Borneo (consisting of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei Darussalam), as well as those conducted by researchers from institutions on the island of Borneo. In every volume, there are always articles written by authors from the island of Borneo. However, articles from researchers outside the island of Borneo are also welcome.

As a basic requirement, all articles submitted to the Borneo J Pharm must be original works that have never been published before and which are submitted exclusively to the Borneo J Pharm. For some relevant manuscripts, it must be compiled in the context of the "Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals" ( established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and updated in December 2019. All articles in this journal involving human subjects should respect the principles of research ethics as set out in the Declaration of Helsinki and animal studies should comply with the International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals as developed by the Council for the International Organization of Medical Sciences (CIOMS).

The publication of an article in Borneo J Pharm is an essential building block in the development of a respected network of knowledge. The publication of scientific information depends heavily on trust. Editors rely on peer reviewers for confidentiality and effective assessments, authors trust peer selection editors, and readers trust the peer review process. Appropriate decisions and strong editorial processes will stimulate an efficient publishing system. It is important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the authors, the journal editors, the peer-reviewers, and the publisher.



Reporting Standard

The authors of the article should present accurate data of the work as well as an objective discussion of its relevance. The underlying data should be accurately represented in the paper. The paper should contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly incorrect statements constitute unethical behavior and are not acceptable. Review and professional publication articles should also be accurate and objective, and editorial opinions should be clearly identified as such.

Data Access and Retention

Authors may be asked to provide raw data in connection with the editorial review paper and should be prepared to provide public access to such data, where practicable, and should, in any event, be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable period of time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

The authors should guarantee that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the works and/or the words of others, that they have been promptly cited or referenced. Plagiarism takes many forms, from 'passing away' another paper as an author's own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another paper (without attribution) to claiming results from research by others. Plagiarism, in all its forms, constitutes an unethical behavior of publishing and is unacceptable.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication

An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. In general, an author should not submit for consideration in another journal a previously published paper. Publication of some kinds of articles (e.g. clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and the same interpretation of the primary document. In the secondary publication, the primary reference must be cited.

 Acknowledgment of Sources

Proper recognition of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have had an influence on the nature of the work reported. Information obtained privately, such as in conversations, correspondence, or discussions with third parties, shall not be used or reported without explicit written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as reference manuscripts or grant applications, may not be used without the express written permission of the author of the work involved in these services.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported research. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication. In general, the authorship of the article is based on the role and contribution of the author of the article produced, including:
1. Conceptualization
2. Data curation
3. Formal analysis
4. Funding acquisition
5. Investigation
6. Methodology
7. Project administration
8. Resources
9. Software
10. Supervision
11. Validation
12. Visualization
13. Writing the original draft
14. Writing review and editing (

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

If the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify them in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the manuscript contains a statement that all procedures have been carried out in accordance with the relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that they have been approved by the appropriate institutional committee(s). The authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent has been obtained for experiments with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be respected.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or another material conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. Examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be disclosed include employment, consultancies, shareholdings, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest possible stage. For research that receives grants from an institution, both governmental and private, the number of grants received must also be included by the authors.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.



The editor of Borneo J Pharm is responsible for deciding which of the articles should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Fair Play

An editor at any time evaluates manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


Editors and editorial boards may not disclose any information on the submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial consultants, and publishers, as appropriate. Unpublished materials disclosed in the submitted manuscript shall not be used in the research of the publisher without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All editors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or another material conflict of interest that might be constrained to influence the results or interpretation of the manuscript. It is the duty of the Editor-in-Chief to ensure that the Associate Editor in charge does not come from the same institution as the authors.



Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer reviewers assist the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the quality of a paper.


Any selected reviewers who feel unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editors and excuse themself from the review process.


Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. The reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting rationale arguments.

Acknowledgment of Sources

Reviewers should identify the source of references that have not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships with any of the authors or institutions connected to the papers.



The Institute for Research and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya as a publisher is committed to ensuring that commercial interests have no impact or influence on editorial decisions. The Institute for Research and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya will assist in communication with other journals both internally and externally which are useful for authors. The Institute for Research and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya works closely with all relevant divisions to set standards of best practice on ethical issues, errors, and repeal - and is ready to provide specialized legal review and advice if necessary.



Malpractice in any form of established ethical publications will lead to the application of sanctions and other actions needed to ensure all articles published by Borneo J Pharm. In cases of suspected misconduct, the Editors and the Editorial Board will use the best practices of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) to assist them in resolving the complaint and dealing fairly with the misconduct. This will include an investigation of the Editors' allegation. A submitted manuscript that is found to contain such misconduct will be rejected. In cases where the published paper has been found to contain such misconduct, the retraction may be published and will be linked to the original article.


The papers published in the Borneo J Pharm will be considered to retract in the publication if :

  • They have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error)
  • the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper crossreferencing, permission, or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication)
  • it constitutes plagiarism
  • it reports unethical research

The mechanism of retraction follows the Retraction Guidelines of COPE which can be accessed here.