Interaksi Tanaman Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogeae) dalam Agroforestri Interaction Of Peanuts (Arachis hypogeae) In Agroforestri

Keywords: Interaction, peanuts, rubber growth, agroforestry

Abstract

Nutrient availability in the forest soils is affected by forest degradation and deforestation as forest conversion. Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is included LeguminalesOrdo and able to supply nutrient from the plant parts. As intercrops in agroforestry patterns, peanuts provide interaction for the surrounding soil and plants. The purpose of this research is to know the interaction of peanut plants on nutrient availability and on the growth of rubber plant (Heveabrasiliensis Muell, Arg.) on agroforestry pattern. This research was conducted at the Banjarbaru through the observation of rubber plant growth and soil analysis. Research result shows that peanuts can increase the availability of nutrients in the soil. The N element increases from 0.16% to 0.45%, thereby stimulating vegetative growth (green) such as leaves. The P element increases from 5.57 mg/100gr to 8.93 mg/100gr, the K element increases from 15.87 mg/100gr to 41.50 mg/100 gr, and organic C increased from 0.83% to 1.55%. The interaction of peanut crops as intercropping plants was able to give high impact to the height of the rubber plant, namely 77.68 cm. The impact on the growth of rubber plant diameter also increased by 0.59 cm compared to only the rubber pattern of 0.28 cm.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Fahruni Fahruni, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Senior Lecturer of Forestry

Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

References

Budi, Wibawa G, Ilahang, Akiefnawati R, Joshi L, Penot E, Janudianto. 2008. Panduan Pembangunan Kebun Wanatani Berbasis Karet Klonal (A manual for Rubber Agroforestry System-RAS). Bogor. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) SEA Regional Office, Indonesia.
De Foresta. H, A Kusworo, G Michon dan WA Djatmiko. 2000. Ketika Kebun Berupa Hutan – Agroforest khas Indonesia – Sumbangan masyarakat bagi pembangunan berkelanjutan. International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, Bogor, Indonesia; Institute de Recherch pour Developpement, France; dan Ford Foundation, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Habibi. 2005. Evaluasi Keberhasilan Wanatani Kelompok Tani Hutan Di KRPH Gunung Sarib KPH Glenmore KPH Banyuwangi Barat. Tesis. Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang. http://digilib.umm.ac.id/habibi0074-3263
Kurniatun Hairiah, M.V. Noordwijk dan D. Suprayogo, 2002. Interaksi Antara Pohon - Tanah - Tanaman Semusim: Kunci Keberhasilan Atau Kegagalan Dalam Sistem Agroforestri. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia. Bogor.
Hanafiah, K.A. 2005. Rancangan Percobaan, Teori dan Aplikasi, Edisi Ketiga. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sriwijaya Palembang. PT Raja Grafinda Persada, Jakarta.
Hardjowigeno,S. 1993. Klasifikasi Tanah dan Pedogenesis. Akademi Pressindo. Jakarta.
ICRAF. 2005. Sistem Wanatani Berbasis Karet. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia. Bogor.
Oksana, Irfan.M. , Huda, M.U., 2012. PengaruhAlihFungsiLahanHutanMenjadi Perkebunan KelapaSawitTerhadapSifat Kimia Tanah. JurnalAgroteknologi, Vol. 3 No. 1, Agustus 2012: 29-34.
Ristek. 2000. Kacang Tanah ( Arachis hypogeae L.). Kantor Deputi Menegristek Bidang Pendayagunaan dan Pemasyarakatan Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi. http://www.warintek.ristek.go.id/pertanian/kacang_tanah.pdf
Rosyid. M.J. 2006. Budidaya Tanaman Sela Berbasis Karet. Pusat Penelitian Karet. Balai Penelitian Sembawa.
Sardjono, M.A, T Djogo, HS Arifin, N Wijayanto. 2003. Bahan Ajar 2: Klasifikasi dan pola kombinasi komponen Agroforestri. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia. Bogor.
Setiawan. D.H & A. Andoko. 2008. Petunjuk Lengkap Budidaya Karet. Agro Media. Jakarta.
Sudjadi. M & Supriati. Y. 2001.Perbaikan Teknologi Produksi Kacang Tanah di Indonesia. Balai Penelitian Bioteknologi Tanaman Pangan. Bogor. http://biogen.litbang.deptan.go.id/terbitan/ pdf/agrobio_4_2_62-68.pdf
Tata, H.L. 2009. KiprahAgroforestri. Mikoriza: KorporasiSalingMenguntungkanAntaraTanamandanJamur. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia. Bogor.
Published
2018-06-01
How to Cite
Fahruni, F. (2018). Interaksi Tanaman Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogeae) dalam Agroforestri Interaction Of Peanuts (Arachis hypogeae) In Agroforestri. Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian Dan Kehutanan, 5(1), 27-35. https://doi.org/10.33084/daun.v5i1.322

Most read articles by the same author(s)