Cholinesterase Activity on Palm Oil Plantation Workers in Parenggean, Kotawaringin Timur

Keywords: Cholinesterase, pesticide exposure, palm oil plantation workers

Abstract

Use of pesticide is widely used in palm oil plantation industry. Pesticide exposure can affect pesticide-spraying workers' health. This study aimed to determine acetylcholinesterase enzyme (AChE) activity levels and identify of poisoning risk factors on pesticide-spraying workers in a palm oil plantation Comanditaire Venootschap (CV) unit in Parenggeran, Kotawaringin Timur, Central Kalimantan. The cross-sectional study design was conducted to examine cholinesterase enzyme activity levels on 15 pesticide-spraying workers. The cholinesterase levels were measured using an automated photometric technique. This study found that all workers have normal cholinesterase activity levels. The average cholinesterase activity levels were 7065,36 U/L and 6528 U/L, respectively for male and female workers. It was also found that two male workers cholinesterase activity levels of using glyphosate pesticide were almost close to the lower limit of the normal levels range, 4720 U/L, and 4958 U/L, respectively. Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) during the pesticide spraying and maximum time allowed of pesticide spraying in a day have to be considered as an important rule to avoid excessive pesticide exposure.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Suratno Suratno, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Lecturer of Medical Laboratory Technology

Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Dwi Purbayanti, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya
Lecturer of Medical Laboratory Technology

Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Hildayanti Hildayanti, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya
Student of Medical Laboratory Technology

Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

References

Awad, OM., El-Fiki SA., Abou-Shanab RAI., Hassanin NMA., & Abd El Rahman R. 2014. Influence of Exposure to Pesticides on Liver Enzymes and Cholinesterase Levels in Male Agriculture Workers. Global NEST Journal, 16(5):1006-1015.
Anwar, WA. 1997. Biomarkers of Human Exposure to Pesticides. Environ. Health Perspect, 105(4): 801-806.
El-Demerdash, FM., Yousef MI., & Elagamy EI. 2001. Influence of Paraquat, Glyphosate, and Cadmium on The Activity of Some Serum Enzymes and Protein Electrophoretic Behavior (In Vitro). J. Environ. Sci. Health, B36(1): 29–42.
Hinson, AV., Dossou F., Yehouenou PE., Hountikpo H., Lawin H., Aguèmon B., Koudafoke A., Houngbégnon P., Gounongbé F., & Fayomi B. 2017. Risk Factors of Pesticide Poisoning and Pesticide Users’ Cholinesterase Levels in Cotton Production Areas: Glazoué and Savè Townships, in Central Republic of Benin. Environmental Health Insights, 11: 1–10.
Lessenger, J.E. & B.E. Reese. 1999. Rational Use of Cholinesterase Activity Testing in Pesticide Poisoning. J Am Board Fam Pract, 12: 307-14.
Lestari, RD., & MT Anggraini. 2016. The Relationship between Working Period and Cholinesterase Blood Levels among Pesticides-Spraying Workers in the Oil Palm Plantation. Proceeding of The 2nd International Conference of Medical & Health Sciences and The 2nd Life Sciences Conference 2016, Yogyakarta, 9th-10 December.
Modesto, KA. & Martinez CBR. 2010. Effects of Roundup Transorb on Fish: Hematology, Antioxidant Defenses and Acetylcholinesterase Activity. Chemosphere, 81: 781–787.
Nadiah ZAK., Zailina H., & Baguma D. 2015. Environmental Exposure of Organophosphate Pesticides Mixtures and Neurodevelopment of Primary School Children In Tanjung Karang, Malaysia. Asia Pacific Environmental and Occupational Health Journal, 1(1): 44 –53.
von Osten, JR., Tinoco-Ojanguren R., Soares AMVM., & Guilhermino L. 2004. Effect of Pesticide Exposure on Acetylcholinesterase Activity in Subsistence Farmers from Campeche, Mexico. Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, 59(8): 418-425.
Yapo KMAA., Cissé MC., Nigué L., & Sess D. 2017. Variations in Cholinesterase activity in Oil Palm Plantation Workers Exposed to Pesticides, Greener Journal of Biological Sciences. 7(1): 008-014.
Published
2018-02-01
How to Cite
Suratno, S., Purbayanti, D., & Hildayanti, H. (2018). Cholinesterase Activity on Palm Oil Plantation Workers in Parenggean, Kotawaringin Timur. Jurnal Surya Medika (JSM), 3(2), 69-75. https://doi.org/10.33084/jsm.v3i2.100

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>