Analisis Survival Suhu Tubuh pada Pasien Pneumonia yang Diberikan Vitamin D

Analysis of Body Temperature Survival in Pneumonia Patients Given Vitamin D

Keywords: Vitamin D, Placebo, Body Temperature

Abstract

Pneumonia is caused due to an infection in the lungs so antibiotics need to be administered for its management. Giving antibiotic combination therapy gives pretty good results in some cases, but the problem of mortality rates that occur is still high, it is necessary to be given additional therapy to increase the patient's cure rate. One of the adjuvant therapies that can be given is vitamin D. vitamin D is known to play a role in the body’s defense function, both in natural and adaptive immunity and plays a role in the body’s defense in cases of infections, allergies, malignancies, and autoimmune. This research was an experimental Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial. The study subjects were pediatric patients aged six months to 18 years who were divided into two groups, namely the intervention group (n = 35) and the control group (n = 35). The intervention group received vitamin D, while the control group received a placebo. Data observed were body temperature. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of vitamin D based on the parameters of fever in pediatric patients with pneumonia infections treated at the Muhammadiyah Bantul Hospital. The results of this study prove that vitamin D is able to provide a chance of survival on the third day after the administration of vitamin D

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

World Health Organization. 2014. Revised WHO classification and treatment of childhood pneumonia at health facilities Evidence summaries: new medicines.
Roomaney, R. A., Pillay-Van Wyk, V., Awotiwon, O. F., Dhansay, A., Groenewald, P., Joubert, J. D.,… Bradshaw, D. 2016. Epidemiology of lower respiratory infection and pneumonia in South Africa (1997-2015): A systematic review protocol. BMJ Open, 6(9).
Vos, T., Kyu, H. H., Pinho, C., Wagner, J. A., Brown, J. C., Bertozzi-Villa, A., Murray, C. J. L. 2016. Global and national burden of diseases and injuries among children and adolescents between 1990 and 2013 findings from the global burden of disease 2013 study. JAMA Pediatrics, 170(3), 267–287
McNally, J. D., Menon, K., Chakraborty, P., Fisher, L., Williams, K. A., Al-Dirbashi, O. Y., & Doherty, D. R. 2012. The Association of Vitamin D Status With Pediatric Critical Illness. Pediatrics, 130(3), 429–436.
Sankar, J., Lotha, W., Ismail, J., Anubhuti, C., Meena, R. S., & Sankar, M. J. 2016. Vitamin D deficiency and length of pediatric intensive care unit stay: a prospective observational study. Annals of Intensive Care, 6(1), 1–9.
Anwar, A., & Dharmayanti, I. (2014). Pneumonia among Children Under Five Years of Age in Indonesia. Pneumonia Among Children Under Five Years of Age in Indonesia, 8(8), 359–365.
Dinkes Bantul. 2017. Profil Kesehatan Kabupaten Bantul Tahun 2017. Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Bantul.
Choudhary N, & Piyush G. 2011. Vitamin D supplementation for severe pneumonia-A randomized controlled trial. Indian Pediatrics, 49(6), (449-454).
Gupta, P., Dewan, P., Shah, D., Sharma, N., Bedi, N., Kaur, I. R., Madhu, S. V. 2016. Vitamin D supplementation for treatment and prevention of pneumonia in under-five children: A randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial. Indian Pediatrics, 53(11), 967–976.
Published
2020-02-28
How to Cite
Rafsanjani, A., Darmawan, E., & Kurniawan, N. U. (2020). Analisis Survival Suhu Tubuh pada Pasien Pneumonia yang Diberikan Vitamin D. Jurnal Surya Medika (JSM), 5(2), 126-130. https://doi.org/10.33084/jsm.v5i2.1319