Narrative Review: Optimasi Etanol sebagai Pelarut Senyawa Flavonoid dan Fenolik

Narrative Review: Optimization of Ethanol as a Solvent for Flavonoids and Phenolic Compounds

  • Ali Rakhman Hakim Universitas Sari Mulia
  • Rina Saputri Universitas Sari Mulia
Keywords: Ethanol, Flavonoids, Phenolic

Abstract

The use of ethanol as a solvent for secondary metabolite compounds is very widespread. Ethanol can dissolve flavonoid compounds and phenolic compounds from plants. To be able to utilize ethanol as a solvent is dependent on some factors of concentration, temperature, time, and selection of extraction methods. This study uses the method by searching scientific articles from the MDPI website database. The Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction (UAE) method is very suitable for the optimization of ethanol as a solvent. The optimal use of ethanol is in the concentration range of 50-80%, temperature conditions in the range of 40-70ºC, and the extraction time is in the range of 30 minutes - 24 hours.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Chen, H., Xiao, H., & Pang, J. (2020). Parameter Optimization and Potential Bioactivity Evaluation of a Betulin Extract from White Birch Bark. Plants, 9(3), 392.
Fan, S., Yang, G., Zhang, J., Li, J., & Bai, B. (2020). Optimization of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction Using Response Surface Methodology for Simultaneous Quantitation of Six Flavonoids in Flos Sophorae Immaturus and Antioxidant Activity. Molecules, 25(8), 1767.
Jiménez-Moreno, N., Volpe, F., Moler, J. A., Esparza, I., & Ancín-Azpilicueta, C. (2019). Impact of Extraction Conditions on the Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Capacity of Grape Stem Extracts. Antioxidants, 8(12), 597.
Thoo, Y. Y., Ho, S. K., Abas, F., Lai, O. M., Ho, C. W., & Tan, C. P. (2013). Optimal binary solvent extraction system for phenolic antioxidants from mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) fruit. Molecules, 18(6), 7004-7022.
Sambou, M., Jean-François, J., Ndongou Moutombi, F.J., Doiron, J.A., Hébert, M., Joy, A.P., Mai-Thi, N.N., Barnett, D.A., Surette, M.E., Boudreau, L.H. and Touaibia, M. (2020). Extraction, Antioxidant Capacity, 5-Lipoxygenase Inhibition, and Phytochemical Composition of Propolis from Eastern Canada. Molecules, 25(10), p.2397.
Wei, M., Zhao, R., Peng, X., Feng, C., Gu, H., & Yang, L. (2020). Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Taxifolin, Diosmin, and Quercetin from Abies nephrolepis (Trautv.) Maxim: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Characteristics. Molecules, 25(6), 1401.
Ghasemzadeh, A., Jaafar, H. Z., Juraimi, A. S., & Tayebi-Meigooni, A. (2015). Comparative evaluation of different extraction techniques and solvents for the assay of phytochemicals and antioxidant activity of hashemi rice bran. Molecules, 20(6), 10822-10838.
Rojsanga, P., Bunsupa, S., & Sithisarn, P. (2020). Flavones Contents in Extracts from Oroxylum indicum Seeds and Plant Tissue Cultures. Molecules, 25(7), 1545.
Kwon, H.Y., Choi, S.I., Park, H.I., Choi, S.H., Sim, W.S., Yeo, J.H., Cho, J.H. and Lee, O.H. (2020). Comparative Analysis of the Nutritional Components and Antioxidant Activities of Different Brassica Juncea Cultivars. Foods, 9(6), p.840.
Zulkifli, S. A., Abd Gani, S. S., Zaidan, U. H., & Halmi, M. I. E. (2020). Optimization of total phenolic and flavonoid contents of defatted pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus) seed extract and its antioxidant properties. Molecules, 25(4), 787.
Published
2020-09-02
How to Cite
Hakim, A. R., & Saputri, R. (2020). Narrative Review: Optimasi Etanol sebagai Pelarut Senyawa Flavonoid dan Fenolik. Jurnal Surya Medika (JSM), 6(1), 177-180. https://doi.org/10.33084/jsm.v6i1.1641